# Euro Anglais 2020-2021

Lexique Français-Anglais (pdf – document Philippe Jeanjacquot)

### Première

#### 1. Green Cities

##### a- Private initiative

The company “Green City” has a solution to make cities greener :
https://youtu.be/1I62NxB_Xrk

• Explain how Liang Wu understood that there is a relation between health and nature.
• How does Green City get rid of the city pollution ?
• What are the main innovations of the Green City company ?
• Do the Green City solution work ? Give some examples from the video.
##### b- Public initiative

Smarter Together is a European initiative for a better life in urban districs :
https://www.smarter-together.eu/cities/lyon#/

• What is the goal of this initiative ?
• What are the five main axis of the project ? Explain each of them shortly.
• How was this project implemented in Lyon ? Give examples of what was done for each axis of the initiative.

This week we will work on Physics with the document about Pressure.

#### 3. Smart Cities

Read the excerpt from the book “Smart Cities” from the author Anthony M. Thornsend here :
https://ssir.org/books/excerpts/entry/smart_cities_big_data_civic_hackers_and_the_quest_for_a_new_utopia#

• Write an abstract of the content of this document.
• What is the text about ? What is the entry point ?
• Give a few reason explaining the fast spreading of Smartphones (from the text)
• Why are Smartphones a game changer for poor countries ?
• What are the side effects of this new technologies ?
• Can we see the same effects in our country ? To what extend ?
• Watch the video : https://youtu.be/19VeAqcOJXA
• What is the aim of the San Diego City ?
• Give some examples of how data are collected
• What kind of data are collected
• What do you think of this initiative and goal ?
• Could there be “side effects” ? Explain.

#### 4. Energy

##### A. Starting easy

Watch the video : https://youtu.be/mc979OhitAg

• Write down all the english vocabulary related to electricity and the french equivalent
• Summarize the main laws of electricity

##### B. Power plant

How a power plan works : https://www.e-education.psu.edu/egee401/content/p6_p2.html

For the five main types of power plants : coal, nuclear, hyroelectric, solar and wind, each of you will make a small powerpoint document and explain :

• How the power plant works ?
• How it is connected to the power grid ?
• what part of the energy production reprensent in the US compared to France
• If they are any “side effects” : pollution, shortage of basic material…

You will then have a debate where you have to convince the others that “your” type of energy is the best one. The others are allowed to point out the problems related to other types of energy.

##### C. Energetic artist contest

You will now write a poem about how great and efficient your type of power plant is. Try to have rhymes in it. Then you will record yourself saying you poem with conviction.

you may be funny, tragic or in any other mood you like. We will then listen to your performance and decide together of the best poets of the group.

you may record it as audio only or video.

Here are some advices for poets: https://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/creative1/poetry-writing-tips-how-to-write-a-poem/comment-page-4/

##### d. Nuclear Waste

• What arguments make nuclear energy a « good » short term energy solution ?
• Why is nuclear waste a problem ?
• How can we dispose of nuclear waste ? What are the dangers related to each method ?
• You can then watch this video to get additional information.

#### 5. Basic chemistry

##### A. Periodic Table
• 2019 was designated by the UNESCO as the year of the periodic table.
• Choose one element of the periodic table (Z<=92) and explain everything we know about it : who discovered it, when, how, what are it’s properties, what is it used for…

#### 6. Famous Scientist

You are a famous English speaking scientist (English, American, Australian or Canadian).

• Resume your life (dates of birth and death, studies, place where you lived..)
• Explain what you have discovered
• Explain how your work/discoveries are uses today

Make a small PowerPoint for a 5 minutes presentation.

#### 7. Molecule polarity

• Polar and non-polar molecules (video link)
• Polarity in molecules (web link)
• Summarize : choose 3 of the following molecules and explain (with a drawing) why they are polar or non polar :
$SO_{2}, BF_{3}, CCl_{4}$
$SF_{3}^{+}, CHCl_{3}, XeF_{2}$
$TeCl_{2}, BrF_{5}, CO_{3}^{2-}$
$XeF_{4}, NH_{3}, SeF_{4}$,
$SO_{4}^{2-}, ClF_{3}, CO_{2}, SeF_{6}$

### Terminale

#### 1. Fusion energy

##### a – Iter project

From the webpage about the ITER project (https://www.iter.org/proj/inafewlines) prepare a 2/3 minutes oral presentation about the main topics : what is ITER, what will ITER do…
Use the provided images and ressources of the website to illustrate your presentation.

##### b – Wendelstein 7-X

Watch this video :
https://youtu.be/OlGzt9ur1bY

• Explain how the Wendelstein 7x and the Iter Tokamak work and what are the flaws of this technology according to the video.
• How does the HB11 (https://www.hb11.energy/our-technology) technology work ? what are the advantages of these solution ?
• Has the discovery of the HB11 received international recognition ? How ?
• What are the next step the HB11 project has to make to achieve a working reactor ?

#### 2. News from the stars

The class is divided in two teams. Each team will :

• Summarize and explain one of the articles below.
• Imagine a way to explore the subject further and prepare an argumentation to get founds from the US Congress. Make a PowerPoint with pictures to capture attention.
• The two teams will then discuss each other’s arguments and try to convince the US Congress that their project is a priority for founding.
• The team with the best project and arguments will win.

A ‘bang’ in LIGO and Virgo detectors signals most massive gravitational-wave source yet (https://phys.org/news/2020-09-ligo-virgo-detectors-massive-gravitational-wave.html)

Venus: Could it really harbour life? New study springs a surprise (https://phys.org/news/2020-09-venus-harbour-life.html)

#### 3. Electricity

##### A. Back to basics

Watch the video : https://youtu.be/mc979OhitAg

• Write down all the english vocabulary related to electricity and the french equivalent
• Summarize the main laws of electricity
• How are these laws used in a Power Plant ?
• Draw the basic plan of a nuclear Power Plant with english annotations.

##### B. Energy in the UK

The UK are almost at the point where half of their energy production comes from renewable energy.
Each of you will pick one renewable energy and make a small explanation (with 1 or 2 powerpoint slides) :

• Where does the energy come from ?
• How is it converted to electric energy ?
• How is the energy production center connected to the main power grid ?

You will then have a small debate to promote your renewable energy as the best one. Don’t hesitate to point out other energy sources flaws.

##### C. Energetic artist contest

You will now write a poem about how great and efficient your type of power plant is. Try to have rhymes in it. Then you will record yourself saying you poem with conviction.

you may be funny, tragic or in any other mood you like. We will then listen to your performance and decide together of the best poets of the group.

you may record it as audio only or video.

Here are some advices for poets: https://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/creative1/poetry-writing-tips-how-to-write-a-poem/comment-page-4/

#### 4. Christmas Physics

• What are the hypothesis presented to determine how many homes Santa has to deliver to ?
• What physic laws are involved in Santa’s trip ? List the laws and summarize what you know of each of them.

• How did Einstein get the idea that time and speed are connected ?
• What are the two laws that he used as a start of his theory ?
• What choice did Einstein have to make and how did he solve it ?
• How could we use the theory of relativity to explain Santa’s Christmas « magic » ?

#### 5. Waves

##### A. Physical bases

Now explain : what is a wave ? what are the different kinds of waves ? What are the physical properties of waves ? How can we measure these properties ?

##### B. Fast and curious : experiment on waves

Using the document from Science on Stage : Fast and curious :

• what is the Doppler effect ?
• Read the document and prepare a smartphone experiment on the Doppler effect.
• conduct the experiment and calculate the speed with the Doppler effect.

#### 6. Climat Change

##### A. Summarize a report

You are now new junior members of the IPCC (Intergovernemental Panel on Climate Change) and have to summarize the last Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate : https://www.ipcc.ch/srocc/

Each one of you will prepare a Powerpoint on one of the subjects of this report and summarize the content of the section :

• High Mountain Areas
• Polar Regions
• Sea Level Rise and implications…
• Changing Ocean, marine ecosystems…

You can use graphics and illustrations from the report and your explanations must be understandable by a High School student of your age.

##### B. Presenting and Sharing

Once you have prepared your powerpoint, you will record your presentation (we can do that in the classroom) by using the integrated feature of powerpoint or a smartphone.

We will rehearse first and use the help of a native speaker to improve your presentation.