Euro Anglais 2021-2022

Lexique Français-Anglais (pdf – document Philippe Jeanjacquot)
Bases mathématiques (pdf)

Première

1. Where it all starts

a- Back to the beginning

Download the following pdf file and answer to the questions after watching each short film :
Threshold1

b- From big bang to black holes to cinema

Watch this Ted Talk : Paul Franklin describes how his passions for science and art collide when creating special effects for films.

Answer the following questions :

  • Which movie is Paul Franklin talking of ?
  • What was special in this project according to Paul Franklin ?
  • Recall the different stages of the conception of the main set of the film.
  • Explain how his team achieved the final images.
  • Did they use green screen on the movie set ? If not, how did they project the surrounding ?
  • Compare the images of the black hole in the movie to the images generated three years later by the Event Horizon Telescope.

You can get more informations on Event Horizon on their website.

2. Special effects and Physics

Sciences are playing a big role in the movie’s special effects. Based on the two following article (and more information you can gather on the Internet), you will work in groups of two students to present one science related special effect in one movie. You will show a trailer with the effect and make a short PowerPoint to explain the science behind it and the making of.

3. From Movies to A.I.

In 2001, Steve Spielberg released the popular A.I. movie : trailer

But what is really an A.I. ? We are going on a journey from Movies to programming to try to understand the misconception, fears and real meaning of this two letters.

a. From « Metropolis » (2027) to « Outside the Wire » (Netflix,2021)

Using one of the links below, pick a movie (it’s best if you have seen it) and :

  • Write a summary of the film
  • What aspect of artificial intelligence is highlighted
  • What message does the director want to convey
b. What is Artificial Intelligence ?

You can start by reading this webpage : https://becominghuman.ai/whats-artificial-intelligence-a-beginners-guide-2dee2ab1bc14

Each one of you will pick one example of « artificial intelligence » used in everyday life (or planned in a near future) and explain how it works, what are its limits and advantages. He will then present it to the group in 3 to 5 minutes.

More informations here : https://www.guru99.com/artificial-intelligence-tutorial.html

Terminale

1. Around the Earth : space stations

a – History of space stations

Using the informations in the website :
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/50-years-ago-launch-of-salyut-the-world-s-first-space-station and
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02018-3

  • Use the timeline website (https://time.graphics/) to build a timeline of space stations
  • What new scientific discoveries where made in the space stations ? (You may have to research the web for this question)

In teams of two, prepare a 5 to 10 minutes presentation of these two topics.

b – Physics of satellites

How is it possible to keep satellites in space ?

Using these documents each one of you will present one of these topics in 5 to 10 minutes :

  • Present and explain the three Kepler laws
  • Explain who was Kepler
  • What is the altitude of a geosynchronous satellite : explain the calculation
  • What is the altitude and orbit time of the ISS. When will be able to see it in alsace ?

2. The Ethics of Space Exploration

« As more money is invested in space, as more people—both professional astronauts as well as tourists—travel to space, as our spaceships are able to venture farther out into the galaxy, these fascinating developments in space exploration raise a myriad of ethical questions, both theoretical and practical »

Read the introduction page on this subject :
https://www.trilateralresearch.com/the-ethics-of-space-exploration/

Now choose one of the following questions found on the Trilateral Research webpage and present the subject with it’s history, scientific background and give your opinion about what we should do and what measures to take. You can use exemple of situations depicted in fictions (movies, tv shows or books) :

  • If we discover extraterrestrial life, including microbial, would it deserve our moral consideration? For what reasons? To what extent?
  • If long duration space flight becomes technologically feasible, would it be justifiable to send humans into space for years or decades? What are the risks involved?
  • Is the current budget allocated for space exploration justifiable when there are injustices on earth that need urgent attention?
  • Is outer space akin to the American Wild West where prospectors can claim planetary resources on a first-come first-served basis? If not, which regulatory protocols do we need in place?
  • Are we justified in asking astronauts to engage in such high-risk activity which literally changes their bodies in terms of fluid distribution, loss of body mass, and sleeplessness?
  • If we discover that another planet, e.g. Mars, would be habitable if we drastically altered the landscape, also known as terraforming, are we justified in doing so?

Additional links you should consider :

3. Pollution

a. Air pollution

Air is composed of many particles and molecules. After reading the introduction « what is chemical pollution« , use this document : https://www.sepa.org.uk/media/120465/mtc_chem_of_air_pollution.pdf to present all the elements present in our air, their properties and how they may affect us.