Euro Anglais 2021-2022

Lexique Français-Anglais (pdf – document Philippe Jeanjacquot)
Bases mathématiques (pdf)

Première

1. Where it all starts

a- Back to the beginning

Download the following pdf file and answer to the questions after watching each short film :
Threshold1

b- From big bang to black holes to cinema

Watch this Ted Talk : Paul Franklin describes how his passions for science and art collide when creating special effects for films.

Answer the following questions :

  • Which movie is Paul Franklin talking of ?
  • What was special in this project according to Paul Franklin ?
  • Recall the different stages of the conception of the main set of the film.
  • Explain how his team achieved the final images.
  • Did they use green screen on the movie set ? If not, how did they project the surrounding ?
  • Compare the images of the black hole in the movie to the images generated three years later by the Event Horizon Telescope.

You can get more informations on Event Horizon on their website.

2. Special effects and Physics

Sciences are playing a big role in the movie’s special effects. Based on the two following article (and more information you can gather on the Internet), you will work in groups of two students to present one science related special effect in one movie. You will show a trailer with the effect and make a short PowerPoint to explain the science behind it and the making of.

3. From Movies to A.I.

In 2001, Steve Spielberg released the popular A.I. movie : trailer

But what is really an A.I. ? We are going on a journey from Movies to programming to try to understand the misconception, fears and real meaning of this two letters.

a. From « Metropolis » (2027) to « Outside the Wire » (Netflix,2021)

Using one of the links below, pick a movie (it’s best if you have seen it) and :

  • Write a summary of the film
  • What aspect of artificial intelligence is highlighted
  • What message does the director want to convey
b. What is Artificial Intelligence ?

You can start by reading this webpage : https://becominghuman.ai/whats-artificial-intelligence-a-beginners-guide-2dee2ab1bc14

Each one of you will pick one example of « artificial intelligence » used in everyday life (or planned in a near future) and explain how it works, what are its limits and advantages. He will then present it to the group in 3 to 5 minutes.

More informations here : https://www.guru99.com/artificial-intelligence-tutorial.html

4. Energy

A. Starting easy

Watch the video : https://youtu.be/mc979OhitAg

  • Write down all the english vocabulary related to electricity and the french equivalent
  • Summarize the main laws of electricity

You can find some more informations on this website : https://www.explainthatstuff.com/electricity.html

B. Power plant

How a power plan works : https://www.explainthatstuff.com/powerplants.html

For the five main types of power plants : coal, nuclear, hyroelectric, solar and wind, each of you will make a small powerpoint document (in groups) and explain :

  • How the power plant works ?
  • How it is connected to the power grid ?
  • what part of the energy production reprensent in the US compared to France
  • If they are any « side effects » : pollution, shortage of basic material…

You will then have a debate where you have to convince the others that « your » type of energy is the best one. The others are allowed to point out the problems related to other types of energy.

C. Energetic artist contest

You will now write a poem about how great and efficient your type of power plant is. Try to have rhymes in it. Then you will record yourself saying you poem with conviction.

you may be funny, tragic or in any other mood you like. We will then listen to your performance and decide together of the best poets of the group.

you may record it as audio only or video.

Here are some advices for poets: https://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/creative1/poetry-writing-tips-how-to-write-a-poem/comment-page-4/

d. Nuclear Waste

Watch this YouTube video.

  • What arguments make nuclear energy a « good » short term energy solution ?
  • Why is nuclear waste a problem ?
  • How can we dispose of nuclear waste ? What are the dangers related to each method ?
  • You can then watch this video to get additional information.

Debate : We will have a class debate about the way to handle nuclear waste : bring your arguments (pro or against).

5. 2022 Year of Glass

The United Nations decided that 2022 will be the International Year of Glass (https://www.iyog2022.org/).

Using the documents found on the website (link above), form groups of 2 or 3 students and make a presentation (5 to 10 minutes) of the following topics :

  • A history of Glass (with a timeline) : the important milestones in the making and uses of glass through history.
  • How glass is made : what are the chemical and physical processes to make various sorts of glass ?
  • Why do we use glass in chemistry ? What are the important properties and what are their limits for this use.
  • What are the 17 sustainable developpement goals (SDG) of the UN ? Give a short summary of each one.
  • How is glass included in the 17 SDG ? With examples.
  • Why is glass important for the world economy and to what extend ?

6. Famous Scientist

You are a famous English speaking scientist (English, American, Australian or Canadian).

  • Resume your life (dates of birth and death, studies, place where you lived..)
  • Explain what you have discovered
  • Explain how your work/discoveries are uses today

Make a small PowerPoint for a 5 minutes presentation where you present all the important aspects of YOUR life (acting is important here).

7. Pressure

a) Deeper in Pressure laws :

b) This week we will work on Physics with the document about Pressure.

After reading the document, for groups of 4 students for each pool. 3 sentences per student and we will make a global ranking at the Google Translate Game for the class.

8. Elemental forces of Physics

Introduction : Einstein and relativity (youtube)

a) Short Novels : In groups of two or three, write a short novel synopsis using the therory of relativity.

It can be science fiction or simply a story involving science.

You will present your syopsis to the class and we will all vote, from 1 to 5 for every story to sort out which is the best (thrilling, innovative, funny…).

b) Fundamental forces of physics :

9. Electric cars

Electric powered cars are the futur, but how will they be powered. Read these two articles about electric car and comparison with hydrogen fuel cars :

What are the main advantages and disadvantages of electric cars compared to traditional cars ? What are the advandages and disadvantages of electric cars versus hydrogen cars ? Which one would you choose and why ?

After answering these questions, we will play a google game on the subject of electric cars. Joker words will be : hydrogen, fuel cell, battery, charging time, range.

Terminale

1. Around the Earth : space stations

a – History of space stations

Using the informations in the website :
https://www.nasa.gov/feature/50-years-ago-launch-of-salyut-the-world-s-first-space-station and
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-02018-3

  • Use the timeline website (https://time.graphics/) to build a timeline of space stations
  • What new scientific discoveries where made in the space stations ? (You may have to research the web for this question)

In teams of two, prepare a 5 to 10 minutes presentation of these two topics.

b – Physics of satellites

How is it possible to keep satellites in space ?

Using these documents each one of you will present one of these topics in 5 to 10 minutes :

  • Present and explain the three Kepler laws
  • Explain who was Kepler
  • What is the altitude of a geosynchronous satellite : explain the calculation
  • What is the altitude and orbit time of the ISS. When will be able to see it in alsace ?

2. The Ethics of Space Exploration

« As more money is invested in space, as more people—both professional astronauts as well as tourists—travel to space, as our spaceships are able to venture farther out into the galaxy, these fascinating developments in space exploration raise a myriad of ethical questions, both theoretical and practical »

Read the introduction page on this subject :
https://www.trilateralresearch.com/the-ethics-of-space-exploration/

Now choose one of the following questions found on the Trilateral Research webpage and present the subject with it’s history, scientific background and give your opinion about what we should do and what measures to take. You can use exemple of situations depicted in fictions (movies, tv shows or books) :

  • If we discover extraterrestrial life, including microbial, would it deserve our moral consideration? For what reasons? To what extent?
  • If long duration space flight becomes technologically feasible, would it be justifiable to send humans into space for years or decades? What are the risks involved?
  • Is the current budget allocated for space exploration justifiable when there are injustices on earth that need urgent attention?
  • Is outer space akin to the American Wild West where prospectors can claim planetary resources on a first-come first-served basis? If not, which regulatory protocols do we need in place?
  • Are we justified in asking astronauts to engage in such high-risk activity which literally changes their bodies in terms of fluid distribution, loss of body mass, and sleeplessness?
  • If we discover that another planet, e.g. Mars, would be habitable if we drastically altered the landscape, also known as terraforming, are we justified in doing so?

Additional links you should consider :

3. Pollution

a. Air pollution

Air is composed of many particles and molecules. After reading the introduction « what is chemical pollution« , use this document : https://www.sepa.org.uk/media/120465/mtc_chem_of_air_pollution.pdf to present all the elements present in our air, their properties and how they may affect us.

4. Fusion energy

a – Iter project

From the webpage about the ITER project (https://www.iter.org/proj/inafewlines) prepare a 2/3 minutes oral presentation about the main topics : what is ITER, what will ITER do…
Use the provided images and ressources of the website to illustrate your presentation.

b – Wendelstein 7-X

Watch this video :
https://youtu.be/OlGzt9ur1bY

  • Explain how the Wendelstein 7x and the Iter Tokamak work and what are the flaws of this technology according to the video.
  • How does the HB11 (https://www.hb11.energy/our-technology) technology work ? what are the advantages of these solution ?
  • Has the discovery of the HB11 received international recognition ? How ?
  • What are the next step the HB11 project has to make to achieve a working reactor ?

Interlude (https://youtu.be/mBcTXBhYzfM)

Christmas Physics

Watch this video about Santa’s Christmas gift delivery: YouTube video on Santa

  • What are the hypothesis presented to determine how many homes Santa has to deliver to ?
  • What physic laws are involved in Santa’s trip ? List the laws and summarize what you know of each of them.

Now watch this video about Einstein’s relativity : YouTube video about Einstein

  • How did Einstein get the idea that time and speed are connected ?
  • What are the two laws that he used as a start of his theory ?
  • What choice did Einstein have to make and how did he solve it ?
  • How could we use the theory of relativity to explain Santa’s Christmas « magic » ?
c. Energy in the UK

Source : https://www.energylivenews.com/2020/06/26/almost-half-uks-electricity-generation-was-from-renewables-in-the-first-quarter/

The UK are almost at the point where half of their energy production comes from renewable energy.
Each of you will pick one renewable energy and make a small explanation (with 1 or 2 powerpoint slides) :

  • Where does the energy come from ?
  • How is it converted to electric energy ?
  • How is the energy production center connected to the main power grid ?

You will then have a small debate to promote your renewable energy as the best one. Don’t hesitate to point out other energy sources flaws.

5. 2022 Year of Glass

The United Nations decided that 2022 will be the International Year of Glass (https://www.iyog2022.org/).

Using the documents found on the website (link above), form groups of 2 or 3 students and make a presentation (5 to 10 minutes) of the following topics :

  • A history of Glass (with a timeline) : the important milestones in the making and uses of glass through history.
  • How glass is made : what are the chemical and physical processes to make various sorts of glass ?
  • What are the 17 sustainable developpement goals (SDG) of the UN ? Give a short summary of each one. How is glass included in the 17 SDG ? With examples.
  • Why is glass important for the world economy and to what extend ?

6. Waves

A. Physical bases

Now explain : what is a wave ? what are the different kinds of waves ? What are the physical properties of waves ? How can we measure these properties ?

B. Fast and curious : experiment on waves

Using the document from Science on Stage : Fast and curious :

  • what is the Doppler effect ?
  • Read the document and prepare a smartphone experiment on the Doppler effect.
  • conduct the experiment and calculate the speed with the Doppler effect.

7. You are the teachers

From the example of the short videos from Science on Stage Ireland (http://www.scienceonstage.ie/resources/) you will make a simple experiment on acid or bases related to daily life and explain the chemistry behind it for younger students.

  • Find a simple experiment to explain.
  • make a list of what you need to conduct the experiment and check with you teacher if the school lab has what is needed
  • write your scenario and rehearse before shooting your video
  • edit you video before showing it to the class

8. Robots

Watch the presentation of the last robots exhibition in Japan.

Choose a robot from this exhibition, or a robot (less thant 5 years old) that you could buy and explain :

  • What is the robot designed for ?
  • How does he work (motors, power, sensors…)
  • In your opinion, what are the good reasons and the bad results of using this robot.